New Smyrna Beach, FL - Condo/Homes for Sale and Community Information
New Smyrna Beach ,Fl. is located in Volusia County with a population just over 23,000. The city is considered to be THE beach resort for the Orlando-Kissimmee-Sanford Metropolitan area, putting those looking for quality New Smyrna Beach real estate in the middle of the action and culture of vibrant Central Florida. New Smyrna Beach has many cultural opportunities including the Atlantic Center of The Arts. For nature lovers it's the untamed Canaveral National Seashore. Boaters and anglers love the rivers and coastal opportunities to catch the big one!
New Smyrna Beach occupies a notable place in history as the site of the largest single attempt at colonial settlement in what is now the United States. Dr. Andrew Turnbull, a Scottish physician and entrepreneur, obtained a grant of land from the British Crown. In 1768 he established a colony of 1225 immigrants on the coastal plantations at New Smyrna, with a view toward the commercial production of such crops as corn, indigo, rice, hemp, and cotton.
The land that the Turnbull colonists settled is located along the west bank of the Indian River, opposite one of coastal east Florida's relatively few inlets.
For some 10,000 years before the arrival of the Europeans, Native
Americans inhabited the area, initially on a nomadic basis and later in more
sedentary camps and villages. Until the early twentieth century, the coastline
was strewn with mounds of ancient refuse that testified to the presence of the
Indians. Most of the mounds were destroyed, the shell used for roads and
building construction material. However, much evidence of prehistoric
habitation remains hidden under ground and water within the corporate limits
of New Smyrna Beach and beyond.
The first European visitation to the New Smyrna Beach area was made during
the First Spanish Colonial Period (1565-1763). Located on the fringe of the
primary Spanish settlement at St. Augustine, New Smyrna was visited by
missionaries sent to convert the indigenous Indian population to the Catholic
faith. Toward the end of that period, the Spanish Crown conceded a number
of land grants in the area.
Turnbull's colonial experiment, launched just after the British acquired East
Florida in 1764, endured until 1777, when the colonists, plagued by disease
and dissention, quit the place and fled to St. Augustine. Their physical legacy remains in the form of stone ruins and subsurface artifacts. Some measure of settlement persisted after the departure of the disaffected colonists, despite the
menacing presence of hostile Indians and occasional mercenaries of various stripe. The Spanish reclaimed East Florida from the British in 1784, but encountered difficulty in securing control over the vast and essentially unpopulated land. The United States acquired the colony from Spain in 1819 and established the Territory of Florida in 1821.
During the following two decades the New Smyrna area hosted several large plantations, which concentrated primarily on the production of sugar. All gains made toward settlement here,however, were lost during the first year of the Second Seminole War (1835-1842), when many of the plantations were attacked and destroyed by Indian raiding parties. A measure of order was
reestablished when the United States Army set up a military base at New Smyrna in 1837, but few settlers returned to the area. Resettlement began in earnest after the Civil War. In 1887, with a population of 150, the Town of New
Smyrna was incorporated. The arrival of Henry Flagler's Florida East Coast Railway in 1892 spurred development of the area's economy, which was
based on the tourism, citrus, and commercial fishing industries.
The town counted 543 inhabitants at the turn of the century and proceeded to grow fourfold in the next two decades, reaching a population of 2,492 in 1920. The principal areas of business and residential development lay along Canal Street and Faulkner Street. Residential development during that period of expansion occurred mainly in the blocks surrounding the intersections of Washington Street and Orange Street and about two blocks inland from the river between Lytle Avenue and Clinch Street. New Smyrna Beach, like most other Florida communities, experienced a period of intensive
speculative development during the Florida land boom of the mid-1920s. During the boom a significant collection of buildings was constructed in the area extending from Louise Avenue, eight blocks north of Canal Street, southward to Sixth Street. After the collapse of the land boom in 1926, the State of Florida fell into a protracted economic depression. Development slowed to a virtual halt in New Smyrna Beach during the Great Depression years of the 1930s and did not recover to its boomtime levels until after World War II.
There may be about 800 buildings in New Smyrna Beach that remain from the historic period. They include buildings on the mainland, west of the Intracoastal Waterway, and on the peninsula, the former community of Coronado Beach, which was incorporated into the City of New Smyrna Beach in 1947.
Few historic buildings in the city date from the late nineteenth century. The majority were constructed between 1900 and 1930. Most of the historic buildings in the city exhibit vernacular designs. Bungalow, Colonial Revival, and Mediterranean Revival were the most common of the high architectural styles applied to residential buildings in New Smyrna Beach during the historic period.
Most historic commercial buildings reflect the masonry vernacular designs commonly found throughout the United States in the early twentieth century
New Smyrna Beach is famous for its beach. Named one of Dr. Beach's (Dr. Stephen Leatherman of Florida International University) "10 Best Beach Towns In Florida". Travel and Leisure magazine named New Smyrna Beach one of the 15 Top Craziest Surf Towns in the world. (11/2013)